The sound of silence.

Clasen S.




Kennedy KM, de Goffau MC, Perez-Muñoz ME, Arrieta MC, Bäckhed F, Bork P, Braun T, Bushman FD, Dore J, de Vos WM, Earl AM, Eisen JA, Elovitz MA, Ganal-Vonarburg SC, Gänzle MG, Garrett WS, Hall LJ, Hornef MW, Huttenhower C, Konnikova L, Lebeer S, Macpherson AJ, Massey RC, McHardy AC, Koren O, Lawley TD, Ley RE, O'Mahony L, O'Toole PW, Pamer EG, Parkhill J, Raes J, Rattei T, Salonen A, Segal E, Segata N, Shanahan F, Sloboda DM, Smith GCS, Sokol H, Spector TD, Surette MG, Tannock GW, Walker AW, Yassour M, Walter J.




Pinto Y, Frishman S, Turjeman S, Eshel A, Nuriel-Ohayon M, Shrossel O, Ziv O, Walters W, Parsonnet J, Ley C, Johnson EL, Kumar K, Schweitzer R, Khatib S, Magzal F, Muller E, Tamir S, Tenenbaum-Gavish K, Rautava S, Salminen S, Isolauri E, Yariv O, Peled Y, Poran E, Pardo J, Chen R, Hod M, Borenstein E, Ley RE, Schwartz B, Louzoun Y, Hadar E and Koren O.




The African Microbiome: Clues of human adaptation and population history.

Schmidt VT and Ley RE.

Kems Verlag, Tübingen, Germany. 

In book: Modern Human Origins and Dispersal, Sahle Y., Reyes-Centeno H., and Bentz C. (Eds.). 


Murine methyl donor deficiency impairs early growth in association with dysmorphic small intestinal crypts and reduced gut microbial diversity.

Alves da Silva AV, Oliveira SB, DiRienzi SC, Dehan LM, Rood JK, Carreira VS, Le H, Maier EA, Betz KJ, Aihara E, Ley RE, Preidis GE, Shen L and Moore SR.

Current Developments in Nutrition. 

3(1);nzy070 . 


Integrated and novel survey methods for rhinoceros populations confirm the extinction of Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus from Vietnam.

Brook SM, van Coeverden de Groot P, Scott C, Boag P, Long B, Ley RE, Reischer GH, Williams AC, Mahood SP, Minh Hien T, Polet G, Cox N and Thanh Hai B.

Biological Conservation. 

155: 59-67. 


The human intestinal microbiota and microbiome.

Ley RE and Gordon JI.

Textbook of Gastroenterology. 

Fifth edition (Dr. Tadataka Yamada, Ed.). Blackwell Publishing. 


The human intestinal microbiota and its relationship to energy balance.

Bäckhed FR, Ley RE, Sonnenburg JL and Gordon JI.

Scandinavian Journal of Food and Nutrition. 

50: 121-123. 


Extending our view of self: the Human Gut Microbiome Initiative (HGMI).

Gordon JI, Ley RE, Wilson R, Mardis E, Xu J, Fraser CM and Relman DA.

NHGRI White paper (prioritized). 


Microbial population dynamics in an extreme environment: controlling factors in unvegetated talus soils at 3750m in the Colorado Rocky Mountains.

Ley RE, Williams MW and Schmidt SK.


68: 313-335. 


Alteration of ecosystem nitrogen dynamics by exotic plants: a case study of C4 grasses in Hawai’i.

Mack MA, D'Antonio CM and Ley RE.

Ecological Applications. 

11: 1323-1335. 


Microbial competition and soil structure limit the expression of allelochemicals in nature.

Schmidt SK and Ley RE.

Principles and Practices in Plant Ecology: Alleochemical Interactions.. 

(S.Inderjit, Ed.). CRC Press, p. 339-351. 


Ongoing research into revegetation of degraded dry forest in Hawai’i.

D'Antonio CM, Tunison JT, Ley RE and Loh R.

Restoration and Management Notes.